By Karin Mizgala, Co-Founder and CEO Money Coaches Canada
Canada is on the verge of a colossal transfer of wealth from one generation to the next. Baby Boomers are expected to inherit roughly $750 billion by 2026; the largest shift of wealth in Canadian history according to a CIBC Capital Markets report. Maybe you are one of them.
There are currently more than 2.5 million Canadians over the age of 75—the largest cohort of that age group this country has ever seen. And the CIBC report estimates their total net worth at $900 billion plus. The reality is that many of these individuals will pass away over the next 10 years, either leaving that wealth to a spouse or to their children (most in their 50’s and 60’s).
But there is a problem that is going to make successfully managing an inheritance even more difficult.
Even though we are in the midst of the largest inter-generational wealth transfer in Canadian history, the majority of heirs are being kept in the dark. A 2018 poll by IPC Private Wealth of Investment Planning Counsel revealed that 58% of affluent Canadians have not discussed instructions for their estate with their heirs
If you will be one of the beneficiaries of this huge wealth transfer, it’s important that you keep the following thoughts in mind.
The Death of a Loved One is a Very Difficult Time
Try as we might, through planning and conversations, we can never be fully prepared for the death of a loved one. The finality of it all can be very overwhelming. Sometimes it brings out strength, support and loving connection within a family, but unfortunately, it can also unleash old resentments or create new disputes. Just as each family member had a unique relationship with the loved one, the feelings that arise from the loss will also be unique.
Do your best to honour your loved one by keeping family interactions positive and constructive.
You’ve Probably Entered Unfamiliar Territory
If you are the executor of the will, you will likely be dealing with people and situations you have never had to deal with before, all while keeping on top of your other life commitments.
As an executor you will need to locate the will, gather financial records, contact banks, Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA), insurance companies, and myriad other people and agencies. Be patient with yourself and hire professional help if you feel unable to handle everything on your own.
If you are not the executor, be understanding and helpful to whoever is handling that role. The more supportive everyone is, the smoother the process.
Make the Most of Your Inheritance
Whether your family legacy has been passed down for several generations, or been built by your benefactor, it’s important to recognize the work and care that went into creating your inheritance. Gratitude for the opportunities and security it provides will no doubt inspire you to want to make the most of this gift.
The best way to do that; is to give yourself time. Time to grieve and time to plan, and when you are ready, here are four things to consider:
1. Create a Solid Foundation for Today
If you have credit card debt, using some of your inheritance to eliminate it, is a smart move. After that, consider paying off other bank loans, car loans, home equity loans and mortgages. Pay off your highest interest debts first.
Being debt free is very empowering. Without the weight of debt and interest payments, you can focus your energy—and money—on your short and long term financial goals.
2. Plan for a Secure Tomorrow
As Canadians live longer, the need for more money in retirement has increased. It may be needed to fund an active lifestyle, or, if health issues arise, it may be required for assisted living expenses. Using part of your inheritance to top up an RSP or TFSA can be very beneficial to your savings, and your peace of mind. It’s smart to get advice from a financial professional—to ensure you make the most of your retirement investments.
And what about your rainy-day fund? Having four to six months of living expenses at hand is a wise practice, but often difficult to achieve. Your inheritance may be the just the opportunity to put it in place.
3. Build a “Launch” Pad for Your Children
Whether it’s an education fund, money in trust for after university, or help buying their first home in an ever upward spiraling housing market; using some of your inheritance to give your kids a leg-up in life can be very gratifying.
4. Think of Your Own Legacy
If you receive a very large inheritance, one large enough to be life-changing, then you have a unique opportunity to create a legacy for your own heirs. Or you may wish to leave funds to organizations or charities that are important to you. Having a solid investment plan to grow the estate is important.
A Money Coach Will Help You Plan
While it can be prudent to let your inheritance rest while your emotions are still raw, it’s not wise to let it sit indefinitely. An inheritance is a gift, and a responsibility.
You owe it to yourself, your benefactor and your heirs, to make the most of this legacy. A Money Coach is an unbiased ally, who will help you make a plan centred on your values and goals, and support you to make informed decisions along the way.
This post first appeared in 2018. It has been updated with current data and/or information and republished.